Listening to music has so many benefits and it can be a wonderful way to integrate music into your classroom. Whether you Soundtrack your Classroom or use Active Listening (Listen with a purpose) strategies, you can teach music standards that will also connect to other content standards.
Music, as is true with nearly any art form, touches us both intelligently and emotionally all at once. While arts integration seems to focus in on the intelligent piece of learning, we can’t forget the benefits of the emotional learning we can do through the integration of the arts. As the field of education evolves and the needs of our students constantly change, we find ourselves needing to explicitly teach the social and emotional strategies our students lack.
Listening to music can do just that!
Soundtracking your Classroom
When you soundtrack your classroom, you use music throughout your day to set a tone for learning. The music you choose, the volume at which you play it and the timing of its placement all matter. You want to help you students become aware of the music and why you are playing it and then let it naturally blend into the background.
I enjoy using alpha-wave music that has no set beat or rhythm. It is soothing and creates an almost droning sound that promotes a sense of peace. It’s the kind of music you may find in a massage parlor. This music serves well during instructional time, independent work time and even silent reading time.
Using music in this way can be like laying a warm blanket over your students. It helps to calm their bodies and focus their minds so that they can work optimally. When a student starts to get restless or anxious, I ask them to take a deep breath and listen to the music again to help calm their body and focus their mind. It works most of the time IF we practice it as a class (or small group or independently) ahead of time. Of course practicing self-management skills before you are in need will help you to use them when you actually need them.
When you actively listen to music that means that your ears and brain are fully activated while your body is calm (a true exercise in self-management). You are able to focus solely on the music as opposed to passively listening where the music is in the background.
This can take time, but it is so beneficial. For me in my elementary classroom, I use snack time as a time to sit and listen to music with my students. We listen to the same piece of music for one week so that we can hear it again and again and pick up new details we didn’t hear before (very similar to reading passages more than once to check for understanding.)
Music Makes you Feel
You’ve probably had that experience where you hear a song and it brings you right back to another place and time. It reminds you of someone or something. Sometimes it’s an uneasy feeling, often it’s great. It can make you smile or even cry, as if you are experiencing that something in that very moment even though you really may be just driving in your car. Music has a strange power over our emotions. It can really make us feel.
In the classroom, we can use that power of music to lead interesting and insightful discussions around emotions as we focus on self-awareness and social-awareness.
Identify Emotions – One way is by actively listening to music and then identifying the emotions you feel. This is a quick, easy activity to try once you have actively listened to a piece of music, even if it’s just one time. You can do this by a quick discussion. Another idea I like to do is for students to write down the emotion they feel on the board as they transition to another activity. That way I can keep a copy of their ideas (by taking a picture of the board) and use them for further discussions. (I’ll touch on these next.)
Different Emotions – We don’t always feel the same way – and that’s ok! You will most likely see that the same piece of music does not affect people in the same way. What makes someone feel sad, may make another person feel calm. A motivating song to one, may sound frantic to another. Having a discussion and actually seeing how people have different emotions about the same thing is a very beneficial lesson.
Experiencing Complex Emotions – Sometimes students will feel a variety of emotions after listening to a song. Excited and angry; sad and tired; happy and overwhelmed are all emotion combinations that have been shared. This can also be the case in real life. What a great way to discuss complex emotions through an experience you all have shared. Music can do this!
Music Builds Community
A number of years ago, I taught a short 3 hour workshop on music integration and led the participants through the process of having an Active Listening experience using Chopin’s Prelude in A Major, Opus 28 No.7. That 48 seconds of beauty so inspired this group of teachers! They came up with the most wonderful images, stories and poems that they shared. It was in this sharing that we built an immediate community. As we listened, we shared a common experience, and as we shared our interpretations and the poetry inspired by the piece, we built bonds that would otherwise not be explored in a short 3 hour education workshop. (Check out their wonderful poetry here!)
The same can happen over time with your students when you listen to (or create or perform) music together. You share the common experience of listening, and then are able to discuss and share your own opinions and ideas about the music.
As you do this, you build relationships that include trust and compassion within your community of learners. This seems to happen again and again in my room when I consistently spend time actively listening to music with my students.
Music to Choose
Of course, the first question I’m always asked after a teacher is convinced to try this in the classroom, is what music do I use? Here are some quick points to consider:
- Start short! Students’ listening stamina is probably low because they may not be used to actively listening to music. This takes practice. Use a piece of music that is short or you could also use an excerpt of a bigger piece.
- Classical is always a great choice. Instrumental music, whether it’s old or new nearly always works well. Remember, you can always just play a section of the piece.
- Instrumental isn’t just classical. You can also use jazz, new age, music
rom another culture, or any other type of music. The more far-reaching you can stretch, the better. The kids are with you to learn and expand their horizons after all!
- Use what you love! If you have a band or musician that will fit your purpose for listening, use it. Students will appreciate the personal touch of listening to the music their teacher likes (even if they laugh a little.)
- Consider the lyrics. Be aware of the message or theme of a song you chose to use. Sometimes it may serve your purpose in listening.
- At some point you may want to have students share music to use. Be sure to preview the music and/or look up the lyrics before playing for the class. 😉
The SEL of it All
Through all these experiences listening to music, we touch on self-management and self-awareness along with social-awareness and building relationships. The Social-Emotional Competencies are naturally embedded in these listening experiences