Digging Deep with Drama

The Wax Museum project has become quite the tradition and expectation in our fourth grade.  For over twelve years, the fourth graders at Cashman Elementary School have been researching about a famous person who has  made an impact on society, creating a poster to represent their life, dressing like the person and giving a speech to give to passers-by who pause to press their buttons.

This is my fifth year teaching this grade level, but even only after that many years, I needed to give the project a jolt – for myself really.  Yesterday I was able to do that with drama.  One of the other teachers, Beth Cavalier and I combined our classes to have a Studio Day and introduced the students to some carefully chosen theatre concepts and drama games.  The outcome was fantastic!  They had fun, they tried new things and they learned a bit more about their person and themselves.

Know Your Pose

A serious Annie Oakly poses with her rifle.

Each Wax Museum character needs to choose a pose to be in as they stand in the halls of the museum-school waiting for someone to press their button and help them come alive.  For the past few days, I’ve had my students practice standing in their pose while every so often I ask the class to recite their speech.

As a warm up to our Studio Day, the other adults and I walked around the room where the 50 students stood frozen and stopped a student one by one and had a conversation with them in character.

“Who are you?”  I would ask.

“I’m Amelia Earhart,” she would reply.

“You look like you are watching something.  What are you looking at?”

“I’m looking off into the distance to where I once flew.”

“Oh, you fly planes?”

“Yes, when I was younger I was introduced to airplanes and then decided I wanted to fly them.  I wanted to prove to people that women could do the same things as men.”

“Well, I’m so proud of you and how you stuck to your dream of flying.  You sound like you made some great accomplishments in your lifetime.”

“I did.”

“Well, it was nice chatting with you.”

“You too.”

I was impressed at how the students were able to stay in character and answer our questions, pulling the information they had learned and utilizing it on the spot.  They didn’t recite their speeches, they actually had a conversation.  Of course some students had a hard time with this a first, but with a little perseverance, they were able to do the same.

The other part that was really enjoyable to watch was how the students started to gain a better understanding of their pose.  For example, when I was speaking to Mary Curie, I found out she was holding a beaker.  At first she did not know what was in the beaker, but with a few prodding questions, she was able to figure it out – it was radium.  It’s those little details, the students (and I) were finding out, that really help an actor get into character and make them more believable.

Hello-Goodbye and Gestures

The next two activities the students did came from a wonderful resource created by Marly Parker and Angela Heidgerd.  They have a great website called Capture the Drama where they not only explain drama exercises and games they use in classrooms, but they have videos that help illustrate what the kids do.   I referred to it often when creating this Studio Day.

During Hello-Goodbye, the students practiced making eye contact with one another as they introduced themselves as their characters.  It was great practice having the students get in character and stay there.  We also talked about how to use body language that would match your person as well as facial expressions and mannerisms.

“Hello, I’m George Washington.”

“Nice to meet you.  I’m Sally Ride.”

“Good-bye Sally Ride.”

“Good-bye George Washington.”

The other activity, Gestures, allowed students to put a line their person would say to a gesture we gave them.

The first was a questioning one.  Click the link for a video of Richard Nixon making an exclamation to the world.

Richard Nixon gesture

The second was a more commanding one.  Click the link for a video of Babe Didrickson telling you what is on her mind.

Babe Didrickson gesture

These Wax Museum figures want you to understand something here!

and the last gesture got students to say something completely different.

This exercise in particular was great at getting the kids to really think like their Wax Museum figure.  Some students caught on quickly, thinking of something right on the spot, while others had to take a little while to think of something.  But that was the point, they had to think, stop and think about the situation their person would be in to make a gesture like that, how they would feel and what they would say.

Pic-Nic Table

For our final drama game, we did a variation on what I believe is more known by the name, “Bus Stop.”  It is a great exercise where characters need to interact with one another.  I first learned about this fun activity when I participated in it during the first Teacher Art Retreat.  (Our classes called it Pic-Nic Table since we were out in our school’s garden surrounding pic-nic tables.)

We chose four characters and then set the scene: You have been working all morning, and now you finally have a break for lunch, so you come to the pic-nic table to sit and eat.

  • Character one comes to the table.
  • After a moment, character two comes on stage.  The two characters interact with one another.
  • Character one wraps it up and goes off stage.
  • Character three comes to the table.   The two characters interact with one another.
  • Character two wraps it up and goes off stage.
  • Character four comes to the table.   The two characters interact with one another.
  • Character three wraps it up and goes off stage.
  • Character four wraps it up and goes off stage.

The first time you do this, the characters do not speak, just use motions and gestures.  Then the same group runs through it again adding in dialougue.  It’s an amazing (and amazingly fun) exercise!

Our first run of this involved Norman Rockwell, Thor, Florence Nightengale and Babe Didrickson.

Our second found Daniel Boone, FDR, William Shakespear and Annie Oakly interacting with one another.

It was great to see the students literally bring their characters’ behaviors (and problems and excitements and tales of woe) to the table.

Roosevelt hobbled to the table and once there, unloaded a huge stack of paperwork he needed to get done.  Florence was very distraught as she had just seen yet another solider die in front of her despite her effort to keep him alive.


You can’t call it a Studio Day without the reflection time that comes afterwards.  The questions we asked included:

  • What was it like being your character for the activities today?
  • What was your favorite part about being your person?
  • Were you able to get a better understanding of the pose you will be keeping in the Wax Museum?
  • And the “BIG QUESTION” that is asked at the end of every Studio Day reflection time: “What did you learn about yourself today?”
  • We even added in a bonus question: “What did you learn about your Wax Museum character today?”

The students wrote diligently and thoughtfully as they reflected on our time and their new experiences.  Here are some of their reflections:

I have a better understanding of my pose.  I knew what I was doing in my pose all along, but I had to work on how I was feeling.”

My favorite thing about being Mary Anning was doing the gestures.  It was my favorite because we got to really act like our person.”

I learned that Mother Teresa was serious and kind and she didn’t care about how she looked.  She really cared about people.”

I loved the fact that I could be someone besides myself for a little while.”

I learned something about Alexander the Great.  I learned that he wasn’t just a warrior, he was a person who felt emotions.”

I am not an actor myself.  The only things I know about acting is from being “spotlight operator” in high school one year and then acting myself in a variety of theatre games through professional development.  Acting is not my forte, but bringing it into the classroom proved to be very beneficial to our students.  Whether they realize it or not, they learned a lot yesterday about themselves and their Wax Museum figures.  And I am so glad we took the time to help them dig a little deeper into their project through drama!


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Article by Elizabeth Peterson

Elizabeth Peterson has devoted her life to education and to reaching out to other teachers who want to remain inspired. Mrs. Peterson teaches fourth grade in Amesbury, Massachusetts and is the host of www.theinspiredclassroom.com. She holds an M.Ed. in Education, “Arts and Learning” and a C.A.G.S. degree with a focus in “Arts Leadership and Learning.” Elizabeth is author of Inspired by Listening, a teacher resource book that includes a method of music integration she has developed and implemented into her own teaching. She teaches workshops and courses on the integration of the arts into the curriculum and organizes the annual summer Teacher Art Retreat. Mrs. Peterson believes there is a love of active, integrated learning in all children and from their enthusiasm, teachers can shape great opportunities to learn.
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  1. Marly Parker says:

    I am so thrilled you used two of the activities featured on my blog. I LOVE how you incorporated them into your Studio Day! Seems like using drama as a “jolt” was successful! Love this site!…….:) Marly

    • Hi Marly,
      Yes! I told you I was going to use some of your great ideas and they worked out SO well! Thanks for your amazing site. It really makes theatre integration very accessible. Keep it up!

  2. Ritu Kalla says:

    Hi , I am a teacher with grade 1 and strongly believe in integration of Arts in daily curricular life. I loved reading about the reflective journals and the retreats for teachers. Would you please guide me further on integration in classrooms . Are any such workshops organized in India ?

  3. Dayna says:

    Your blog is a great resource. I cannot imagine the time that you have put into this blog, thank you! The resources you post and share are so good! I am teaching a new class this fall and I should be able to adapt and use many of the ideas you posted here! Thank you!!!

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