What better way to explore the writing process than with music?! Musical creation, or composition, is nearly identical to the writing process that we teach our students. Just look:
|Prewriting||Students brainstorm sounds/melodies for their composition.||Students brainstorm ideas/topics for their writing.|
|Rough Draft||Students get their ideas down.||Students get their ideas down.|
|Revision||Students ask: What do I want to improve?||Students ask: What do I want to improve?|
|Editing||Students make final corrections using a checklist.||Students make final corrections using a checklist.|
|Publishing||Students make a final score and perform the piece for an audience.||Students make a final draft (book or otherwise) and read their piece to an audience.|
Just explaining these connections between writing and composing to your students isn’t enough, though. Going through the actual process of composing can be used to explore and reinforce the writing process. Sometimes students need a new motivation to see things from another perspective and what better way than to change things up a bit and have them go through the same process with a different outcome? A piece of music!
The following is an activity you can use to go about showing the writing process through the creation of music. The ideas here are for students who are not necessarily music students and therefore, may not be inclined to making a traditional melodic piece of music. The following is how to make a Sound Symphony.
As a whole group or in small groups, have students brainstorm sounds that they hear.
In the prewriting stage, it is also important to discuss audience and purpose. This will help them as they brainstorm. For example is this to be performed for their peers, for the principal or for their parents? Also, why are they composing it? Is it to try something different, to express their personal likes or dislikes or is it to help illustrate a concept from another unit? You can always go a step further in your integration and pull from the other areas of your curriculum. For example, have the students create music that will go with a science unit such as the water cycle or a social studies unit such as building communities?
Here are some ideas on how to focus your students if this is to be a personal composition:
- What are your favorite sounds?
- What are your least favorite sounds?
- Where do you hear these sounds?
- Describe these sounds.
Here are some ideas on how you can focus your students’ musical creation in relation to other areas of the curriculum.
- What does rain sound like?
- What does a storm sound like?
- What do certain animals sound like?
- What does the lifecycle of the butterfly sound like?
- What does a growing plant sound like?
Social Studies focuses:
- What does a certain holiday sound like?
- What did Columbus’s voyage to America sound like?
- What did the Revolutionary War sound like?
Once students are ready with some ideas, have them get their ideas down. For a Sound Symphony students need to follow a format, just as they would if they were writing a paragraph, letter or narrative. A Sound Symphony’s format is easily structured into a table and must be accompanied by a key.
|Part 1||~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~||……………….||x x x x x x x x||~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~|
|Part 2||~ ~ ~ ~||~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ……..||………..x x x x||x x x x ……….|
~ ~ = rub hands together
….. = tap fingers on the top of your desk
x x = clapping
At first, you may want to have students write only a one part composition. More advanced students can write a composition for two or more parts that will play simultaneously. Students may use instruments or themselves to make the sounds.
Just as with writing, your students will think their first draft of their composition is fine, but don’t let them! Encourage students to revise by asking them such questions as:
- How can you improve your composition?
- What can you add to it?
- How can you make it more interesting?
- Is your ending as good as it can be?
- Does it make sense to other people?
In the comparison chart, I suggest that there can be an editing checklist just as there may already be one for writing in your classroom. Here are some things I suggest be on an editing checklist for a composition such as a Sound Symphony.
- Key with all symbols in the composition
- All words are spelled correctly
- Capital letters are in the right spots
Once the composition has been revised and edited, it is time to publish it. First, students should make a final copy. This final copy can be done in pen or in color, can be mounted on construction paper or put into a book format.
The second part of publishing a composition is performing it! Students may be able to perform it alone, but they also may need the help of a couple friends if the composition has two or more parts. If this is the case, make sure they have had some practice time before they perform it for the class.
Just as with finished writing pieces, make a relatively big deal with sharing students’ compositions. You may set aside time for all students to perform for each other or another audience, you may set aside a little bit of time each day for a week or you may even want to audio or video tape their performances.
Other extensions to the project may include:
- Conducting their Sound Symphony as people in the class perform it
- Making copies of the composition for the class and performing as a whole class
- Drawing what you hear from others’ Sound Symphony and making that the setting for your next story
Once you have gone through this process with your students, make it available to them again and again by giving them the supplies they would need in a writing or music center. Practicing this process is good for their continued success in all kinds of writing!
If you like this idea, please let me know! Enjoy your time connecting music and literacy. 🙂 It can truly be motivating to students of all ages!